Big animals with small ears


Some recent Dino practice and study starting with some skeletal paintovers from Museum fossils that I visited.  
Log in - Log Out , Digital Painting over Torosaur skeleton

Painting overlaid onto photo of Torosaur at Milwaukee Public Museum

"Jane" Digital study over Tyrannosaur fossil

Jane fossil from Carnegie Museum in Pittsburgh

This is a Sculpey head study of a hadrosaur

Hank the Hadrosaur - Sculpey and Acrylic

Would you like some dewlap with that?

.. and this below was based on some toy dinosaurs by Papo.

T-rex vs. Ankylosaurus ver. 1 - Cretaceous Standoff - digital painting
And a second version with a more chicken like Tyrannosaur demonstrating his primary bite weapon . 

T-rex vs. Ankylosaurus ver.2 - Cretaceous Decapitation - digital painting

Scientists reveal secret of how 'monkey fish' were made

An investigation by St George's University and Horniman Museum in London has finally revealed how mermen and mermaid relics (sometimes referred to as monkey fish) may have been made.
They are thought to have been made by fishermen in Japan and East Asia and were bought by sailors as good luck charms or by circus entertainers to display as curiosities.
Early 20th Century scientists were baffled by the specimens, with some claiming them to be mummified mermaids.
They were later believed to be made from the head and body of a monkey sewn on to the tail of a fish, giving rise to the term "monkey fish".
It was not until March 2011 that an X-ray of the Horniman merman (affectionately known as Herman), revealed that the monkey half was in fact made from papier mache.
Using a combination of CT scans, microscopy, X-radiography and 3D printing, the research team have finally managed to piece together exactly how Herman was made.
Dr James Moffatt, a physiology lecturer at St George's University in London, explains the process.


T. rex bite was world's strongest

The researchers mapped the jaw muscles (red) and pressure sensors (blue) onto their digital T. rex skull

Tyrannosaurus rex had the most powerful bite of any creature that has ever walked the Earth, say scientists.

Previous estimates of the prehistoric predator's bite suggested it was much more modest - comparable to modern predators such as alligators.

This measurement, based on a laser scan of a T. rex skull, showed that its bite was equivalent to three tonnes - about the weight of an elephant.

The findings are published in the journal Biology Letters.

"Then we could map the muscles onto that skull."

The scientists then reproduced the full force of a bite by activating the muscles to contract fully - snapping the digital jaws shut.

"Those [simulated] muscles closed the jaw as they would in life and... we measured the force when the teeth hit each other," Dr Bates explained to BBC Nature.

"The maximum forces we found - up at the [back] teeth - were between 30,000 and 60,000 Newtons," he said.

"That's equivalent to a medium-sized elephant sitting on you."

Previous studies had estimated that T. rex's bite had a force of 8,000-13,000 Newtons.

Baby bite

The researchers discovered how T. rex's bite force changed as it grew.

"Obviously, as its head got a lot bigger, there's an expected increase in bite force associated with that," Dr Bates explained.

But for T. rex, the power behind its bite increased disproportionately - much more than would be expected from a "straightforward linear increase", he said.

This suggests that the predator's diet changed as it matured, and that perhaps only adult T. rex could have punctured the tough hide of another dinosaur.

Dr Bill Sellers, who studies the physical capabilities of living and extinct animals at the University of Manchester, told BBC Nature: "I think everyone expected T. rex to have a strong bite force, but it's even stronger than we expected.

"And it gets stronger as it gets bigger, which is surprising."

He explained that studying dinosaurs shed light on the limits that living things were capable of.

"These animals are extremes - one of the biggest carnivores that ever lived," he said. "So it tells you a lot about the limitations of biology.

"We want to know how organisms work, but living organisms [today] are much smaller. And in terms of mechanics, size is really important."

Dr Karl Bates from the biomechanics laboratory at the University of Liverpool led the research.

He and his colleague, Peter Falkingham from the University of Manchester, used the life-sized copy of a T. rex skeleton exhibited at Manchester Museum as a model for their study. "We digitised the skull with a laser scanner, so we had a 3-D model of the skull on our computer," Dr Bates explained.

The Bulldog dog Breed advice and crucial Information

French Bulldog puppies are very willing to please and friendly by their life. They are calm with humans despite their aggression with other dogs. However, you still want to take a lot of time to properly socialize your French bulldog puppies with people and other pets. If you see any signs of anger towards humans then they need to be taken to a professional trainer exact away.

So from an early age your should take French Bulldog puppies about other people and pets. Take them to public area and let visitor pet and play with them, but be sure to found your authority over the dog. This dominance needs to be reputable early on in order for you pet to be compliant later in life. French Bulldog puppies are very dominant and if you don’t establish right early on it will be very difficult to get it later on. Also proper socialization early can help your puppy to develop an even anger.

French bulldog

You also want to make sure that French Bulldog puppies get their vaccinations early and that you continually keep up their yearly booster shots to prevent them from receiving common diseases. Also be sure to ask your veterinarian about the best flea control products and worming action for your puppy. For French Bulldog puppies you also want to make sure you supply them a high-grade dog food. Meat should be the first element in any high quality dog food. Make sure it holds no less than thirty percent crude protein, twenty percent basic fat and four percent fiber.

Every day you want to make sure your puppy gets at least thirty to forty-five minutes of exercise. Due to their active nature, French Bulldog puppies will need a lot of activity. To avoid fights with other dogs, create sure your puppy is on a lead when outdoors. Even the calmest puppy at home will hastily turn into a completely different dog once it is faced with another dog on a walk exterior.

Remaining calm is also significant when you lift French Bulldog puppies. This is very vital for this breed. If your dog mind you is afraid of a person or think you are in danger for any cause then they will quickly attack that person. Therefore, when about strangers it is important to remain calm otherwise you need to preserve tight control over your dog so they don’t unnecessarily injure another person.

French bulldog puppy - Rocking dance

French Bulldog Puppies - Fascinating Information

The beginning of the French Bulldog is in England, where it was bred as a smaller variation of the English Bulldog. It truly falls under the group of the French Mastiff dogs. In due path of time, the breed was mixed with the French Terrier and was recognized as the French Bulldog. Later, it became popular all over the world.

The French Bulldog female habitually has a litter of about 2 to 5 puppies. The puppy when born is very cute and lovable, with a flat face and bat like ears and grows to a height of about 11 to 13 inches. French Bulldog puppies must be examined for elongated or cleft palate as this breed is level to this type of disorder.

Even when young they are full of power and playful. In as much as the adult French Bulldog is gentle with a enjoyable personality, playful and funny, the French Bulldog puppy is still more so. The French Bulldog puppy is alert and try to stay close to those around it.

These puppies approximately always get along well with other breeds of dogs, such as French poodles, and do not cause much harm in this aspect. These puppies do best with elder children. These puppies cannot be subjected to rough play and it is better that they are kept from having contact with younger children.

Due to their stubborn mentality, the French Bulldog puppies need routine training. The males are violent and hence must be skilled to obey commands from a very early stage.

Nasty methods must not be used to train the puppies, as they may have a harmful effect on specific areas of their behavior. In addition to that, cruel treatment will absolutely not bring good results. A person who trains a French Bulldog puppy should be highly patient.

The puppies do not shed very much and hence grooming is a simple, but essential task. As they dribble a lot, frequent mouth washing is necessary and should start early enough so that it becomes regular as the puppy grows older.

As extreme stress may bring about breathlessness and other related troubles, the French Bulldog puppy must withhold from a set of exercise. Outside is not appropriate for the puppy chiefly when the weather is hot, as there are chances of being attacked by a heat stroke. It should be noted that the French Bulldog puppy is mainly an indoor animal.

The French Bulldog puppy is a fun and lively pet and forms a gracious companion. With the correct training systems it can adapt well sufficient to become a useful dog.

Main 10 Tips to captivating the Best Photos of Our Furry Little French Bulldog Buddies

french bulldog
For many of us, our french bulldogs are division of our family, and as such, are a lot the subject of our photographs. It’s not as easy photographing dogs, and we’re often dissatisfied with the results.

No theme whether you use a digital SLR or a dense camera, there are steps you can take to make sure you get the best likely photos of your furry friend.

  1. Use some time training your dog. It’s much easier to get a excellent photo if your dog will sit, stand, drop and stay when he’s told. You can use a shrill toy to get a lovely alert expression on his face, but it doesn’t work at all if he hasn’t been taught to stay. Also, if he’s had some training, you’ll feel much more secure if you want him photographed without a collar and leash. But, keep in mind to keep it fun. They should see that camera arrive out and think it is a game!

  2. Have your dog groomed to excellence. If you’re going to spend the time taking photos of him, make sure he’s clean, his hair is trimmed and he seems his very best. Bring along a washcloth or some clean to wash his muzzle just in case he drools a little.

  3. Choose a nice place for the photos. A park or a patch of forest is both good options. The beach or river is one more favorite place, but make sure your dog doesn’t go for a swim before you’re ended photographing him. Check the background and make sure there are no objects in the way; you don’t want the form of trees growing out of your dog’s head.

  4. Make sure you know how to use your camera. If the setting is very bright, your dog will appear very dark in the photos. In this case, you can force your flash to work, and light up your dog too. You’ll get a a lot better photograph. Read your camera manual, and practice. Most cameras these days have some sort of zoom capacity. Using a zoom length of at least 80mm will allow you to stay a sensible distance from your dog, and avoid curious nose prints on your lens.

  5. Get some help. It’s very difficult to place away from your dog and take a photo, as well as tell him to stay, support an alert expression, and change the direction of his gaze. You’ll have much more fun in your photography session if there’s someone taking care of him while you’re at the other end of the camera.

  6. Take lots of photos and be patient. The real benefit of digital photography is that there’s no film being used, and it doesn’t cost something to take hundreds of photos. Having said that, it’s still a good idea to wait and think before taking a shot. Take a couple of seconds to make sure the wind isn’t blowing fur across your dog’s face, he’s looking in the right direction, and the background is attractive. When everything is just right, snap LOTS of photos. You will have lots of good photos, and with a bit of luck a couple of great ones!

  7. If likely, photograph your dog in the shade. This avoids dark shadows and harsh highlights, which can be difficult for your camera’s routine exposure system to work with. It will also avoid photos where your dog is squinting. You’ll find the best light for photography is early in the morning or late in the afternoon.

  8. Squat or lie down so you’re at your dog’s level, rather than photograph him from above. Fill the frame with the part you want to photograph, whether it’s just his head or the whole body. Another good angle is to get down low and photograph upwards against the sky or some trees. It turns out great, but again, you may need to force your flash to fire to avoid your dog turning out dark in your photos.

  9. Keep an eye on his head point. Although dogs don’t mind their noses appearing big in photos, you will get a more attractive likeness if he’s looking forty-five degrees to the side. Try it and you’ll agree, it’s much nicer than a photo that’s taken when he’s staring directly at the camera.

  10. Don’t leave your photos in your camera: have your good ones written, or even enlarged for your wall. If you want to be more creative, try some of the great digital scrap booking software that’s obtainable. Add backgrounds, text and decorations, and create a real work of art.
It does take practice to improve your taking photographs, but if you follow these ten steps, you’ll have photos of your dog that will take pleasure of place on your wall.